The Independence Day of India is celebrated on 15 August to commemorate its independence from British rule and its birth as a sovereign nation on 15 August 1947. India achieved independence following a largely peaceful civil disobedience movement led by theIndian National Congress and other political parties. The independence coincided with partition of India wherein the British Indian Empire was divided along religious line into two new nation—Dominion of India (later Republic of India) and Dominion of Pakistan; the partition was stricken with violent communal riot.
The Independence day is a national holiday in India. All over the country, flag-hoisting ceremonies are conducted by institutions as well as private meetings. The flagship event takes place in Delhi, the capital city of India, where the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at theRed Fort and delivers a nationally televised speech from its ramparts.
The present-day India was a part of the British Indian Empire. Although the British East India Company started trading in India in the seventeenth century, Company rule in India started effectively from 1757 after the Company's victory in the Battle of Plassey. In 1858, following theIndian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India in the new British Raj. The struggle for independence from the British rule started in the nineteenth century, but became organized and forceful from 1910s, spearheaded by the Indian National Congress. The freedom struggle was characterized by largely peacefulnon-violent civil disobedience led by Mahatma Gandhi; however, partition of India associated with the independence led to communal strife and violent riot in many parts of the subcontinent.